Elastane: the material, its history and properties

by Corinna

Elastane is a material that has many uses in the textile industry. Sportswear and underwear in particular are partly made from it

Elastan: What you need to know about the material

Elastane, also known as Spandex or Lycra, is a synthetic material that is known for its high elasticity and stretchability.

  • The material was first developed in the 1950s by the German chemist Joseph Shivers and revolutionized the textile industry.
  • Elastan consists of a polyurethane polymer that is processed into an elastic thread using special methods. This thread can stretch up to five times its original length without losing its shape or elasticity.
  • This makes elastane particularly suitable for garments that require a high degree of freedom of movement, such as sportswear, swimsuits and underwear.

These are the properties of the elastic material

The properties of elastane make it a popular material in the fashion industry. It ensures a perfect fit and keeps clothes in shape, even after repeated wear and washing. Elastane is also very light and breathable, which makes it particularly comfortable on the skin.

  • High elasticity: elastane can stretch up to five times its original length without losing its shape or elasticity. This enables a perfect fit and freedom of movement in garments.
  • Durability: Garments made from elastane retain their shape even after repeated wear and washing. They do not wear out and retain their fit over a longer period of time. Even underwear retains its shape after washing.
  • Lightweight: It is a lightweight material that is comfortable to wear against the skin. It feels soft and supple and is very comfortable to wear.
  • Breathability: The fabric is breathable and transports moisture away from the body, which helps to keep the skin dry. This makes it particularly suitable for sportswear and underwear.
  • Color fastness: Elastane is color-fast and retains its color even after repeated washing. This means that garments made from elastane remain beautiful and fresh-looking for longer.
  • Easy care: Elastane garments are generally easy to care for and can be machine washed without losing their shape or properties.

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