When we talk about e-bikes and pedelecs, we are talking about bicycles with an electric motor. However, when it comes to compulsory helmets, there are important differences between the different types of two-wheelers. We show what you should know.
E-bikes and pedelecs – generally without compulsory helmet
The term “pedelec” stands for “pedal electric cycle”, meaning that it is a bicycle with pedals and an electric motor. Whether a helmet is compulsory depends on the strength of the electric motor.
- Normal pedelecs or e-bikes have an auxiliary motor that supports speeds of up to 25 km/h. Speeds above this may only be achieved by pure muscle power. Speeds above this may only be achieved by pure muscle power. In addition, the starting aid must not accelerate the pedelec to more than 6 km/h.
- The great advantage of these two-wheelers: you do not need a driving licence, no insurance number plate and there is no helmet requirement.
- E-bikes and pedelecs are legally treated like normal bicycles. This also means that you are allowed to use cycle paths.
Mandatory helmet use applies to these two-wheelers
The situation is different for so-called S-pedelecs. These are two-wheelers with a more powerful auxiliary motor.
- This motor may support up to 45 km/h when pedalling. The maximum power of the motor must not exceed 4,000 watts.
- By law, S-pedelecs are considered mopeds. This also means that you must wear a helmet when riding and have a class AM driving licence. This is already included in the normal car driving licence.
- In addition, the bike requires an insurance licence plate, which is changed annually.